Week 12


"When something happens (a period of seconds, minutes, hours, etc)."

Expanded Definition

Time is the continuous movement of existence, progressing from the past, through the present, to the future. It enables people to sequence events, and quantify the duration of events and the intervals between them. It is often defined by its measurement: seconds, minutes, hours, and years, which are based on the physical processes of the natural world, like the movement of the sun across the sky.


The word "time" comes from the Old English tīma, which is linked to the Old Norse term tími, meaning "time." These come from the Proto-Germanic tīmô. These words are believed to have their origins in the Proto-Indo-European dī-mo, a derivative of the base da-, which means "to divide," symbolizing the division or parceling of the day into portions.

Classroom Strategies

Time management strategies are integral to the Positive Action educational philosophy because they directly influence a student's thoughts, actions, and feelings. For instance, when students effectively manage their time (action), they are likely to perform better academically and feel less stressed (feeling), leading to confidence and self-belief (thought). This successful integration reinforces the notion that positive actions lead to positive feelings, which in turn promote positive thoughts, fostering an ongoing cycle of self-improvement and growth.

  1. Start with time awareness: Many students, especially younger ones, may not have a good grasp of how long different tasks take. Use various exercises to improve their understanding, such as timing common tasks and discussing how long they felt versus how long they actually took.

  2. Daily scheduling exercises: Get students to create daily schedules. They can divide the day into hours and decide how they would allocate their time for different activities such as studying, playtime, meals, and relaxation.

  3. Setting SMART goals: Teach students how to set Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound goals.

  4. This can be a fun and practical lesson, helping students understand how to manage their time effectively to achieve specific objectives.

  5. Prioritization skills: Teach students how to prioritize tasks. They can learn to categorize tasks into "urgent," "important," "not urgent," and "not important." This Eisenhower Matrix is a tool they can use throughout their lives.

  6. Use time management tools: Introduce students to time management tools such as digital calendars, planners, or apps designed for time management. These tools can make managing time a more tangible and interactive experience.

  7. Break down large tasks: Show students how to break down large tasks into smaller, manageable parts to prevent feeling overwhelmed. This also helps them to better plan and allocate time.

  8. Promote the Pomodoro technique: Introduce students to the Pomodoro technique, where they work for a set period, then take a short break. For instance, they take 5-minute breaks after every 25 minutes of school work. This method can help increase focus and productivity.

  9. Teach delayed gratification: Encourage students to complete more challenging or less enjoyable tasks first, then reward themselves with a more enjoyable activity. This can motivate them to complete tasks efficiently.

  10. Introduce reflection and adjustment: Encourage students to reflect on their time management at the end of each week. Encourage them to answer what worked and what didn't. This self-reflection can help students understand and adjust their strategies for better time management.

  11. Model good time management: As a teacher, be a good role model for your students. Show them how you manage your time in the classroom and how you transition between different tasks, and share your techniques for staying organized. Your example can be a powerful learning tool.

By implementing these classroom strategies, educators can help students understand the value of time and develop essential time management skills that will benefit them academically and in their future endeavors.


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